Guillotine Choke

16/08/09 By admin

The guillotine is a choke hold that can cause the tap by being either a blood choke or air choke depending on how it is performed. If the pressure from the forearm is placed against the wind pipe then of course you are going to get an air choke but if the pressure is on the arteries of the neck then you will get a blood choke.

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The guillotine choke is a submission hold that you have undoubtedly seen before if you have spent any time training mixed martial arts or Brazilian Jujitsu. You most likely have seen it in many televised MMA events also. In fact, it’s one of the most common submissions you will see when you tune in to watch a MMA event, such as the UFC, on the old boobtube.

To perform an effective guillotine choke, follow these steps:

1. Approach the opponent from the front, and wrap your more powerful arm (right if you’re right-handed, left if you’re left-handed) around the neck of your opponent.
2. With your free hand, clasp the wrist of your wrapped arm to lock the choke in place. Do not interlock your two hands together to ensure that the choke is completely secure.
3. If you’re aiming for a blood choke, focus the pressure on the sides of the neck. If you’re aiming for an air choke, focus the pressure on the windpipe.
4. Hold the choke for a few seconds, and fall back using your opponent’s weight as leverage. If your opponent resists, swivel your hips sideways and sweep the near leg of your opponent to eliminate the vertical base. You can use a kick, but it’s best to hook the leg with one of your ankles, and pull the opponent toward you.
5. To immobilize and neutralize your opponent, wrap your legs around his or her body. The body scissors does two things: it keeps your opponent from moving and relieving the pressure from the choke, and puts added pressure on the abdomen and chest cavity.
6. Elevate your hips and pull back your shoulders to apply more pressure to the neck.

The choke involves using the arms to encircle the opponent's neck in a fashion similar to a guillotine. The technique is either a type of tracheal compression restraint that prevents air flow to the lungs, or a blood choke depending on how it is applied. When executed from the ground, the person applying it will try to control the opponent by the hips, for instance using a closed guard. This is done to prevent the opponent from escaping the hold, and to be able to apply additional pressure by extending the hips.

In Danzan Ryu, it is also taught as a neck crank.

This technique can cause unconsciousness if done correctly. It is taught in various grappling martial arts, including Jujitsu, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Judo, as well as in mixed martial arts competition.

There are three variants of a guillotine choke:

* The standing guillotine is performed with both competitors on a standing position, and is a basic manoeuvre for controlling the bout while standing. With enough compression, a standing guillotine can win a match. Most fighters prefer to drop to the mat to increase the pressure.

* The guillotine from the guard is the most common and perhaps the most effective variant of the guillotine, and is often used to follow up a standing guillotine. The guillotine is often coupled with a body scissors to increase pressure and to prevent the opponent from defending against the choke.

* The guillotine from the mount is an uncommon variation of the guillotine, and is performed on an opponent guarding a mount.

Safety Warnings

Like any choke, the guillotine is effective but also very dangerous when executed improperly. Always remember these safety reminders:

* Do not prolong a guillotine choke. If your opponent taps out, release the pressure and let go of the choke.

* Do not apply more pressure than necessary when executing the guillotine. Leverage - not the strength of your arm - is usually enough to make an opponent tap out.

* When falling back with the guillotine, do not drop your opponent flat on the head. You should instead fall safely with your back taking the force of the fall. Remember that your goal is to knock out your opponent with the choke, not with an illegal move that guarantees a concussion.

The guillotine choke is quick, easy, and very useful. When done properly, the guillotine choke can be one of the most useful manoeuvres you can use in a fight.
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